The month of November is dedicated to the November Blue campaign, which aims to make men aware of the importance of taking care of their health. During this period, the Department of Health (Sesa) promotes awareness of the importance of self-care behavior with the health of the body and mind.
According to the physician and Undersecretary of State for Planning and Health Transparency, Tadeu Marino, during this month, Sesa does not focus only on the prevention of prostate cancer, but in general on Primary Health Care.
“In Brazil, it is observed that men are not frequent in health units, because of a cultural issue. They are more resistant to going to the doctor. If you ask, regardless of educational background and other social characteristics, self-care is something that men have less practice than women,” he said.
According to the National Policy for Men’s Health Care (PNAISH) established by the Ministry of Health, men’s care must be treated in an integral way. Throughout the year, Sesa promotes actions for disease prevention and awareness of the male population.
Some examples are the implementation of prenatal care by the partner, who receives an appointment with a request for tests and future referrals when accompanying the pregnant woman; the conversation circle in Basic Health Units for professionals in Primary Care and with the population deprived of liberty on the prevention of diseases, including Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs);
actions at the Guard Posts with the Federal Highway Police-SESI-SENAT to deliver the truck driver’s health cards, as well as checking blood pressure, testing blood glucose, HIV and hepatitis; lectures for the male population of private companies in Greater Vitória during the November Azul campaign.
“In addition to having the organization of the Men’s Health Program, there is a whole programming and structuring of programs in the municipalities. The unit is the integral vision of health, she must be a sentinel, talk to the men, bring the exam and not miss the opportunity when she appears at the health service, whether when taking the child to be vaccinated or accompanying her partner. It is necessary to fight the cultural issue, through education, to make men have more self-esteem and take care of their health”, emphasized Tadeu Marino.
In all, in the state, from January to August 2021, 15,094 outpatient procedures for prostate cancer were performed. The following were performed: 788 prostate biopsies; 2,674 prostate ultrasounds (abdominal route); and 757 prostate ultrasounds (transrectal). Regarding surgical procedures, a total of 343 were performed.
According to the State Technical Reference for Men’s Health, Lucimar Ventorin Hamsi, promotion, prevention and early diagnosis are still the most important to combat all prevalent diseases, including prostate cancer. “Prostate cancer has a higher prevalence in the elderly male population, as about 75% of cases in the world occur from 65 years of age onwards, however its evolution is slow and can be diagnosed early, thus favoring a effective treatment and cure”, explained the nurse.
Obesity, lifestyle and hereditary family incidence are some factors that add up and can lead to this type of cancer. In its initial stage, prostate cancer has no symptoms and when some signs begin to appear, about 95% of tumors are already in an advanced stage, making it difficult to cure. Symptoms are: frequent urge to urinate, with pain or burning; weak or interrupted urinary flow; presence of blood in urine and/or semen; impotence.