Nutrition: a healthy diet is based on a varied and balanced diet. In the interests of moderation, it is recommended to avoid over-processed foods, excessive sugar and fat consumption and excessive alcohol consumption.
Exercise: Regular exercise is important for staying healthy, but it is important not to be too intense to avoid injury.
Sleep: Sleep is important for good health and 7-9 hours of sleep a night is recommended.
Stress management: stress management is important for good health and relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, listening to music and massage are recommended.
Health checks: regular health checks are recommended to detect problems early and start treatment.
Healthy lifestyles: developing and maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important and includes nutrition, exercise, sleep, stress management, health checks and mental health.
To stay healthy, it is important to use moderation and not to overdo it. Excesses (e.g. excessive alcohol consumption, excessive exercise, excessive stress) can be harmful to health in the long term. Moderation means finding a balance between exercise, eating, sleep and stress management that helps maintain health and avoid risk factors.
Breaking bad habits
Giving up harmful habits is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. Here are some examples of harmful habits and ways to break them:
- Smoking: The harmful effects of smoking are well known and quitting smoking can significantly reduce the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease and lung disease. Ways to quit can include smoking cessation medications, psychological help, support groups and alternative non-smoking activities such as exercise.
- Excessive alcohol consumption: harmful effects of excessive alcohol consumption include liver disease, cardiovascular disease, psychological problems and injuries. Methods of cessation may include programmes to help reduce alcohol consumption, support groups, support from family and friends, and activities to replace alcohol, such as sports or hobbies.
- Drug use: the adverse effects of drug use include physical and mental health problems, social and family problems and legal consequences. Modes of withdrawal may include rehabilitation programmes, psychological help, support groups and substitute activities such as sports.
If it’s New Year, here are the resolutions. Most people want to take the opportunity to start afresh and, if possible, break a bad habit. It’s also a time when many people make a resolution to lose weight and to try to live healthier. Get more exercise and get more restful sleep.
How much sleep we get also affects our health
Rest is important not only for our mental well-being but also for our health. If we don’t get enough sleep, i.e. enough rest, not only can we be more tired and irritable, but we are also more likely to get ill. Whether it’s just winter ailments, viruses or serious organ problems.
“Several studies over the past years have shown that the quality of our sleep has a serious impact on our immune system,” begins Dr. Magdolna Dombovári, a sleep specialist at the SomnoCenter Sleep Disorder Centre.
An immune response triggered by a viral infection can have a negative impact on our sleep, but if we regularly experience restful, good sleep, our immune system becomes stronger and we are less likely to get sick. It is also important to get enough quality sleep because this is how we heal wounds, fight infections, and strengthen or develop our immune memory.